The problem w ith this approach to Industrial Relations is that it is historical and descriptive. The third and the final approach is the Radical approach. applied to the analysis of social institutions other than industrial relations. According to this theory the management holds the power in decision making … Unitary Approach 2. According to Ogunbameru (2004), the American system approaches to the ADVERTISEMENTS: The three popular approaches to industrial relation are as follows: 1. It is an abstraction that can't take into account all of the factors that affect human behavior or the complexities of society as a whole. This view of industrial relations is a by product of a theory of capitalist society and social change. Marxists argue that industrial relation is a relation of clashes of class interest between capital and labour. Based on the Marxist perceptive of industrial relations, the conflict is structural and necessary. There is a example which is industrial conflict for Marxist perspective. For example, while some perceive IR in terms of class conflict, others view […] It is now 44 years since the publication of Alan Fox’s famous paper for the Donovan Commission in which he introduced the ‘frames of reference’ approach to industrial relations (IR). Industrial relations or employment relations is the multidisciplinary academic field that studies the employment relationship; that is, the complex interrelations between employers and employees, labor/trade unions, employer organizations and the state.. Marxist Approach. Industrial relations is the study of one portion of a society. approaches: unitarism, pluralism and Marxism(also known as the radical approach). Thus, Dunlop developed his theoretical approach of industrial relations on the basis of a systems concept and was heavily influenced by the prior work of Parsons (Fajana, 2000). Radical approach: Systems approach is consistent with managerial interests, whereas radi­ cal theory advocates the économie and political interests of the working groups 4. In other words, it is less analytical a nd explanator y. Like other behavioural subjects, both the scenario of IR and factors affecting it are perceived differently by different behavioural practitioners and theorists. The systems approach to industrial relations is configurational. His book Beyond Contract, in which he added the ‘radical’ frame of Approaches to Industrial Relations is a comprehensive field of study, subtle as well as gross, a vast area of interactions, actions and reactions which affect not just a company or an industry, but also the economy. Industrial conflict always show itself in strikes and other forms of collective action of striking such as working to rule, go-slows and so on. The unitaristperspective assumes that there is no difference ... A radical perspective of industrial relations sees conflict as an inherent characteristic of employment relations, and inevitable given the nature of capitalist development. Compared to the Systems approach, radical … Pluralistic Approach 3. Employer (capital) tries to maximize profit by holding surplus value and … In this approach the management and the staff share the same objectives, thus they work hand in hand to achieve that particular goal for the organization (Approaches to Industrial Relations) .