Rehoboam, at the age of 41, assumes the throne of Israel in 930 B.C. Your Online Bible Study Supplement Source. His second wife, married soon after becoming ruler, was the daughter of Egypt's Pharaoh (1Kings 3:1). They propose that if the king lowers the incredibly heavy tax burden on them then they would loyally serve him as they did his father. […] is because the kingdom was torn in two; ten tribes went north to Samaria under Jeroboam, and Judah remained in the south under Rehoboam […], I’m teaching a class where the Kingdom is divided, northern/southern. The spiritual reason why the kingdoms split into was that they would not serve God fully. God said he would take the kingdom away from the house of David but because of a promise made to David, he left him a tribe of Judah and Benjamin as well as the Levites. Get weekly Bible Lessons emailed to you in video, audio, and in text form. This is why the first king and kingdom of Israel rested on a Benjamite named Saul. In addition, Jacob would adopt both of his children as part of the 12 tribes of Israel. Jeroboam, the man who led the revolt against the kingdom Judah, set up his own worship system for the 11 tribes. Israel Split into Two Kingdoms! They were named after the land called Samaria. Who are the Gentiles in the Scripture | Bible Study Ministry, A Wife Sought for Isaac, the Heir of the Covenant, THE COVENANT OF THE ALMIGHTY CONFIRMED WITH ABRAHAM, Numbers Chapter 1 the Children of Israel Numbered, THE COVENANT BETWEEN ABRAHAM and ABIMELECH, The BIRTH of ISAAC and the DEPARTURE of HAGAR and ISHMAEL, THE CHILDREN OF LOT, MOAB AND AMMON, BORN. Surprisingly, the cause of ancient Israel splitting in two lies at the feet of King Solomon, the man blessed with unmatched wisdom and understanding at the start of his reign (1Kings 3:4 - 9, 2Chronicles 1:3 - 10)! Have you read about the valley of dry bones in Ezekiel? The king's older advisers, who counselled his father, suggested he listen to the people and lighten their tax load. Many historians believe there was never a United Monarchy and that Israel and Judah were always separate. Leah was the older daughter and the first and wanted to actually marry Jacob. fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); The history of the both kingdoms is a litany of ineffective, disobedient, and corrupt kings. 1.The land was too large and it was hard to rule 2.Internal conflict 3.They didn't know who should lead them a … fter their king died 4.They kept getting conquered by neighboring civilization Ashtoreth (aka Astarte), the goddess of the Sidonians. Chemosh, the pagan sun god of war worshipped by the Moabites. The city of Jerusalem remained the capital of the Judean kingdom, and the city of Samaria became the capital of Israel. Were helpful in what i needed to know THANK YOU! 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This division, which took place approximately 975 B.C., after the death of Solomon and during the reign of his son, Rehoboam, came about as the people revolted against heavy taxes levied by Solomon and Rehoboam. The punishment for such grievous and public sins was to split the ancient kingdom by tearing ten of Israel's tribes away from Solomon's ruling dynasty (1Kings 11:11, 29 - 32). God, for the first 355 years the children of Israel lived in the Promised Land, was their sole King. The southern kingdom was run by the house of David the tribe of Judah. Around the time when the kingdom was passed on to Solomon, a lot of contention began between the tribe. In a prophecy from Jacob to Joseph, Jacob told that Joseph would receive a double portion! Thank you, Praise God sister Barbara, continue your study in grace and understanding. ReferencesBible Knowledge CommentaryHolman Concise Bible CommentaryKeil and Delitzsch CommentaryWillmington's Complete Guide to Bible Knowledge, God, for the first 355 years the children of Israel lived in. The kingdom of Judah was only left to themselves. At the return of Jesus, He will bind them together into one branch and make them one nation under Him and under his servant David, as he promised King David. May the ALMIGHTY continue to increase your understanding. Ten of the tribes formed the new Kingdom of Israel with Jeroboam as its first ruler. It wasn't that Solomon could not afford countless wives, as he was ridiculously wealthy (even more so than his righteous father David). The disunity went back all the way to the patriarch Jacob, who presided over a … This is why the Kingdom split up and from that time there was a northern kingdom and the southern kingdom. We are happy you were edified by the Spirit, continue in grace in Jesus’ name. We’re also on Instagram…, Your explanation has been very helpful. Thanks for being here; let us know if there are other ways or things we may serve you! The tribe of Benjamin also came back to partner with Judah. Josephus, the first century Jewish historian, also asserts he not only financially supported but also worshipped the foreign gods of his wives (Antiquities of the Jews, Book 8, Chapter 7, Section 5). }(document, "script", "aweber-wjs-ym0tnlwg9")); Or do it here on Google – Facebook or Twitter. When his son Reheboam refused to reduce the taxes, the Kingdom of Israel broke away under Jereboam, leaving the southern rump to become the Kingdom of Judah. Your email address will not be published. But this is why Israel split into two kingdoms. These kingdoms remained separate states for over two hundred years. Glory be to God. This became why the birthright was not passed to Reuben as the firstborn. The split of the nations. Thank you for opening this scripture and bible study in such an exemplary way.This has increased my knowledge on the Topic. Many blessings to you as you minister. js.src = "//"; Praise the LORD, Richard, let us all continue to grow in knowledge and wisdom from the LORD. Also to His Kingdom on the Earth, and His Royal Family. My class will want to know where in the Bible this info is found. (function(d, s, id) { Afterwards, the united Israelite kingdom had three human rulers (Saul, David and Solomon). He is approached, at his coronation, by Jeroboam and a delegation of Israel's elders. Jeroboam, the man who led the revolt from the kingdom Judah, set up his own worship system for the 11 tribes, which essentially made all of the tribe of Levi to return to Judah. The king's insulting and hostile answer to the elders of Israel solidified their resolve to leave the unified kingdom. Bless the LORD Jean. This was because they would strongly influence their husbands to turn their hearts away from fully serving the Lord (Deuteronomy 7:1 - 4, 17:17). Sometimes some of the histories in the Bible escapes some Bible students as they study. Notice that God said He would not ‘rend away all the kingdom’ of Israel, … The king would ultimately mimic other rulers and marry a staggering number of women (700 wives, 300 concubines). On great feasts the inhabitants of the Israelite kingdom went to worship God in the Temple in Jerusalem which did not please King Jeroboam. Why did ancient Israel split in two? This is a good lesson of knowledge that really help me. Rachel’s children included Joseph and Benjamin, and Leah’s children included Judah, Levi, and Reuben. When Rehoboam, Solomon’s son, would not lessen the tax burden, 11 tribes left the kingdom of Judah. This was done because of rebellion towards God. In this way the Kingdom of Israel was divided into two: Judah and Israel. Hi Christy, thank you for your comment and suggestion. Reuben transgressed against Jacob (Genesis 35:22). Well, once Benjamin lost the kingdom to David, the tribe of Judah became the headquarters of the kingdom of Israel.