Balance sheet formula Assets – liabilities = equity (or assets = liabilities + equity) This basic formula must stay in balance to […] This leads us, then, to the basic equation of accounting; Basic Accounting Equation. The balance sheet, which shows a business’s financial condition at any point, is based on this equation. This list is not comprehensive, but it should cover the items you’ll use most often as you practice solving various accounting problems. The formula is: Assets = Liabilities + Shareholders' Equity The three components of the basic accounting formula are: Assets . Current Liabilities are the current debts the business has incurred. For example, if the business buys furniture on credit from a supplier for 200 then the basic accounting formula is as follows. The basic accounting equation sometimes referred to as the basic accounting formula is true at any point in time for a business and is also true for each individual double entry transaction. Other names used for accounting equation are balance sheet equation and fundamental or basic accounting equation. Assets, liabilities and owners’ equity are the three components that make up a company’s balance sheet. This can include actual cash and cash equivalents, such as highly-liquid investment securities. The following are some of the most frequently used accounting formulas. These are the tangible and intangible assets of a business, such as cash , acco What this accounting equation includes: Cash is the amount of cash you have at your disposal. Sometimes called the basic accounting equation, the accounting equation is the foundation of double entry accounting, a system where every financial transaction is entered into two places in the business’s books—as a debit and as a credit. This equation is the foundation of modern double entry system of accounting being used by small proprietors to large multinational corporations. Accounting equation describes that the total value of assets of a business is always equal to its liabilities plus owner’s equity. The equation: Cash Ratio = Cash ÷ Current Liabilities. The basic accounting formula forms the logical basis for double entry accounting .