A case is the function of a noun or pronoun in a sentence. The nominative case is the case used for subjects completing an action. The thing performing the action. Is the verb a dative verb? To find the direct object in the accusative case, ask “What?” after the verb. Accusative and nominative are two of the cases in the English language. Indirect object in the dative case: you; Accusative Case vs. Nominative Case. we don't really have that in english, at least not to the extent of latin. 4. Accusative: Direct object case. Singular Plural; Nominative: ø: ø or -u: Accusative: ø: ø or -u: Genitive-es-a: Dative-e-um . If so, the object will be in the dative. Monosyllabic neuter nouns have the null ending (ø) in the nominative and accusative plural if they are heavy-stemmed, that is, if their stem-syllable (a.k.a. The thing being acted upon by the action. The thing receiving the action. They are the nominative case, accusative case, dative case, and the genitive case. This order was based on the order used by earlier Greek grammarians, with the addition of the ablative, which does not exist in Greek. still have it a bit for pronouns though (like I me mine) nominative means subject. Accusative vs Dative The key difference between accusative and dative case is what they focus on in a sentence. cases are different forms of a noun, that by their form, tell you what part of the sentence they are. Dative: Indirect object case. accusative means object. There are 6 distinct cases in Latin: Nominative, Genitive, Dative, Accusative, Ablative, and Vocative; and there are vestiges of a seventh, the Locative. genetive means possessive. A role that one of those languages marks by case is often marked in English with a preposition. The names of the cases also were mostly translated from the Greek terms, such as accusativus from the Greek αἰτιατική. There are three cases in the modern English language; they are nominative, genitive and accusative. The basic descriptions that follow are also found on the pages introducing the more detailed descriptions of the cases, which you may reach by clicking the case names in the prior sentence. Marked below in bold. The nominative case refers to … If none of the other conditions apply, then you need to determine which noun in the sentence is the subject, and put that in nominative. dative means indirect object. Accusative: ø-as: Genitive-es-a: Dative-e-um: Neuter . The accusative case is used for nouns that are the recipients of the action the subject completes. "There are six cases: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, vocative and ablative." Commonly encountered cases include nominative, accusative, dative and genitive. Nominative: Subject case. Marked below in italics. In the English language, there are mainly four cases. Then look for a direct object (put in accusative) and indirect object (put in dative).