Landscape determinants of European roller foraging habitat: implications for the definition of agri- environmental measures for species conservation Ineˆs Catry1,2,3 • Joana Marcelino1 • Aldina M. A. Franco2 • Francisco Moreira1,3 Abstract Across much of Europe, farmland birds are declining more than those in other habitats. It is a monogamous species, the somersaulting courtship flight of the breeding pairs is a characteristic sight in early summer. In southern Africa, it has a scattered distribution range, preferring savanna, such as broad-leaved and Acacia woodland. In Europe, the breeding population consists of 75,000-158,000 mature individuals. The incubation period lasts for 17-19 days and is performed by the female. Rollers winter primarily in dry, wooded savanna and bushy plains. The European roller is a late spring migrant, not reaching the breeding grounds until late April-early May. The European roller is a bird of warmer regions. A collision with an aircraft over the Arabian Sea has been recorded..  It winters primarily in dry, wooded savanna and bushy plains, where it typically nests in tree holes. Males and females are similar, but the juvenile is a drabber version of the adult. However, the percentage of these land cover types . The display of this bird is like that of a lapwing, with the twists and turns that give this species its English name. The European roller is found in a wide variety of habitats, avoiding only treeless plains. They have brightly colored plumage and a hooked bill. European rollers are birds of warm, dry, open country with scattered trees, preferring lowlands. European rollers are generally solitary birds. ", "Disentangling Migratory Routes and Wintering Grounds of Iberian Near-Threatened European Rollers Coracias garrulus", "A pan-European, multipopulation assessment of migratory connectivity in a near-threatened migrant bird", "Insights into the migration of the European Roller from ring recoveries", "Context‐dependent conservation of the cavity‐nesting European Roller", "Morphological and molecular descriptions of, Species text in The Atlas of Southern African Birds, Ageing and sexing (PDF; 4.5 MB) by Javier Blasco-Zumeta & Gerd-Michael Heinze, Photos, audio and video of European roller, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=European_roller&oldid=981062536, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 September 2020, at 01:56. Within its breeding range it is commonly found in open country side with forest patches and often close to farmlands, orchards and vineyards, as well as pine forests with clearings. With the help of over 7,000 of the world’s best wildlife filmmakers and photographers, conservationists and scientists, Arkive.org featured multi-media fact-files for more than 16,000 endangered species. The Indian roller is a colorful bird best known for its aerobatic displays of males during the breeding season. was quite different for foraging and breeding areas, Its overall range extends into the Middle East, Central Asia and Morocco. The European Roller is a stocky bird, the size of a Jackdaw at 29-32 cm in length with a 52-58 cm wingspan, but it is mainly blue with a warm brown back. Oak and pine woodlands with open areas are prime breeding habitat, but farms, orchards, and similar areas with mixed vegetation are also used. Individuals from south-west European populations migrate to south-west Africa (Angola, Namibia, and Botswana), with French and north-Spanish birds taking a direct southerly route across the Sahara, while Portuguese and south-Spanish birds take a more westerly route around the west African coast. In Africa, they occur in a wide range of dry, open land with trees. The subspecies C. g. semenowi breeds from Iraq and southern Iran east through Kashmir and southern Kazakhstan to Xinjiang. It nests in an unlined tree or cliff hole, and lays up to six eggs.  Some populations migrate to Africa through India. This smell also warns the parents on their return to the nest. The eggs are incubated, primarily by the female, for 17 to 19 days. European rollers are birds of warm, dry, open country with scattered trees, preferring lowlands. Hot animalia.bio. Diet and habitat The European roller prefers warm and dry climate. The European roller is similar in appearance and behaviour to the Abyssinian roller, which appears to be its closest relative. In Africa, they occur in a wide range of dry, open land with trees. Wing of a European Roller is a vibrant watercolour painting by German Renaissance artist Albrecht Durer Albrecht Durer made several watercolours of deceased birds, such as Dead Blue Roller . It is a bird of warm, dry, open country with scattered trees, preferring lowlands, but occurs up to 1000 m (3300 ft) in Europe and 2000 m (6600 ft) in Morocco. The European roller is a long-distance migrant, wintering in Africa south of the Sahara in two distinct regions, from Senegal east to Cameroon and from Ethiopia west (with observations in the Degua Tembien mountains) to Congo and south to South Africa. There have been fairly rapid population declines across much of its range, so it was formerly classified as near threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature in 2005; it has, however, been downlisted to least concern in 2015, as population development was judged to not meet the criteria for a more urgent rating at this time. European Roller on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_roller, https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22682860/154424974. … The European roller (Coracias garrulus) is the only member of the roller family of birds to breed in Europe. The call of these birds is a harsh crow-like sound and they give a raucous series of calls when nervous. When threatened the European roller chick will vomit a foul-smelling orange liquid onto itself in order to deter a predator. When threatened the European roller chick will vomit a foul-smelling orange liquid onto itself in order to deter a predator. Oak and pine woodlands with open areas are prime breeding habitat, but farms, orchards and similar areas with mixed vegetation are also used. The nestlings mostly eat grasshoppers and bush crickets. Roller, any of about 12 species of Old World birds constituting the family Coraciidae (order Coraciiformes), named for the dives and somersaults they perform during the display flights in courtship. European rollers are carnivores. These birds are long-distance migrants, wintering in Africa south of the Sahara in two distinct regions, from Senegal east to Cameroon and from Ethiopia west to Congo and south to South Africa. European rollers breed in Europe.